Alabama Marijuana Laws

Current Legality State
Medical Program Only
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Frequently Asked Questions​

Alabama State Information Page

  • Medical Program only
  • Not decriminalized- pending bill passing in 2022
  • Possession is not allowed recreationally
  • Possession of a 70 day supply is legal for medical patients
  • Cultivation is illegal
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2021 was a big year for medical cannabis legalization in Alabama. A medical cannabis program has been established and should begin functioning in September 2022.

Current state marijuana law has not decriminalized marijuana use or possession, however, local legislation has the option to limitedly decriminalize marijuana and there are initiatives led by Bobby Singleton to pass bills for decriminalization this year.

State Laws and Offenses

Here’s a list of marijuana laws for Alabama’s simple possession, sale, and distribution of marijuana, concentrate, or paraphernalia.

  • Marijuana is a Schedule I drug in the state of Alabama 
  • Cannabis is still considered a Schedule I Controlled Substances per federal laws
  • Personal use marijuana possession is punishable by a maximum fine of 6,000 USD and one year of incarceration. Possessing marijuana in personal amounts has many more penalties after first-time possession.
  • Sales of any kind by a person is a Class D Felony punishable by penalties that range from 2 years to 20 years and 30,000 USD depending on the pounds 
  • According to Alabama code 13a 12, Cultivation and trafficking of any kind is a Class B Felony punishable by penalties ranging from 2 years to life imprisonment and 30,000 USD to 60,000 USD depending on the pounds and a previous conviction
  • Unlawful Possession of paraphernalia for personal use is a misdemeanor punishable by a maximum one year sentence and a 6,000 USD fine

Alabama Qualifying Conditions For Medical Marijuana

Patients can become certified for a medical marijuana card in Alabama for any medical conditions below.

It is essential to remember that medical cannabis should not be used as the first option to treat these conditions; because it’s only available to patients after documentation that they have tried traditional therapies or if the initial medical treatment indicates that medical cannabis use is the standard for care.

  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
  • Autism
  • Cancer-related symptoms
  • Chronic or Intractable Pain
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Depression
  • Epilepsy and seizure conditions
  • Lou Gehrig’s Disease
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) 
  • Immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) 
  • Multiple sclerosis (MS)
  • Nausea; unrelated to pregnancy
  • Panic disorder
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • Sickle cell anemia
  • Spasticity 
  • Spinal cord injuries
  • Terminal illnesses
  • Tourette’s syndrome
  • Significant weight loss (CBD food products or FDA approved oral tablet)

How to get a medical marijuana card in Alabama

Alabama approved Medical Marijuana just recently but has not implemented the program yet. There is no timetable but the program should begin operating shortly.

Does Alabama accept out-of-state medical cards?

The state of Alabama does not accept out-of-state medical marijuana cards from patients.

Alabama marijuana DUI laws

  • First degree: A misdemeanor with Up to a year in jail, $600 to $2,100, 90-day suspended license. Depending on the county’s drug testing policy, offenders may have to adhere to a regular drug test.
  • Second degree: Felony: $1,100 to $5,000 fine, imprisonment for a mandatory minimum of five days and not more than one year, 30 days of community service, one-year suspended license
  • Third offense: Class B Felony: $2,100 to $10,000 maximum fine, imprisonment for a mandatory minimum of 60 days jail time but not more than one year, three-year suspended license
  • Fourth or subsequent offense: Class C felony; $4,100 to $10,000 fine, imprisonment for a mandatory minimum of one year and one day but no more than 10 years in prison.

Alabama city specific laws

The laws listed here are for the state. Cities, counties, schools, universities, and employers may set their own rules and consequences. Be sure to check how marijuana laws differ in each county or town before you use.

Frequently Asked Questions

In a 2020 poll, eighty-three percent of Alabama voters supported the legalization of marijuana and medical use in their state. 

Marijuana is currently not legal for use in Alabama. After the medical program has been established, it will be legal for medicinal purposes only. Those that have applied and obtained an Alabama cannabis license or certified patients will be allowed possession of up to two ounces.

There has not been a specific date set for a person to apply for medical marijuana cards, those who are interested in growing, processing, or operating a dispensary can begin applying on September 1, 2022.

At that time, with a doctor’s recommendation and proof of an Alabama residency, you can pay to apply for a medical marijuana card. 

If approved, the Alabama Medical Cannabis Commission will enter your information into the statewide cannabis patient registry system. Then, you can start buying the prescribed amount from a licensed dispensary.

Cannabis Policy Reform Timeline

1931: Prohibition began in Alabama and cannabis was banned for personal use

2012: The Alabama Medical Marijuana Patients Right Act was introduced and the legislation died in the judiciary committee

2014: The state senate passed a bill called Carly’s Law for legal CBD oil trials and a clinical study for patients with seizures

2015: The Medical Marijuana Patient Safe Access Act was passed by state legislatures, but never went passed an attorney to the Senate floor to legalize medical marijuana and update the law.

2016: Leni’s Law was passed and the governor signed a law to update Carly’s law and the number of patients who can access medical cannabis and CBD oil.

2019: A law to reduce recreational cannabis, personal-use possession, and misdemeanor and felony penalties advanced to the Senate

2021: Governor Kay Ivey signed the Darren Wesley ‘Ato’ Hall Compassion Act; Senate voted for legal medical marijuana for any state-qualifying condition.

Updated 6.14.2022